In the world, the central stage is always occupied by the agricultural industry. This condition is irrespective of time and lifestyle changes. A few years back, the survival of the agricultural industry was critical, but now the situation is contradictory where new developments in the industry have been made with the help of technology. Areas like productivity, cost, and labor have been highly enhanced or supported with the help of technology. Categorizing them first comes the information technology which has played a vital role in circulating information in the field of agriculture.
People in the industry—farmers, food producers—must embrace the digital transformation trends in agriculture. By using technology as a sustainable and scalable resource, we will be able to take agriculture to new heights, keeping the farm to fork in our future.
It is self-explanatory that in this case robots are being used in farming. Their tasks range from processing the seeds to planting. The results are always optimistic due to excess intelligence programmed to the robots. Errors are detected and solved often.
Productivity increases dude to efficient maintenance and finally, the need for labour is lessened to some extent. No matter how automated the farm is, labour is a factor inevitable in agriculture. Thus, their requirement will be less but the need will exist.
Irrigation systems – Centre pivot
Irrigation is to be done very carefully and this is because of its impact on the growing crops. A better irrigation is a one which focuses on conserving the resource as well providing the crops with adequate water. Adequacy is to be considered the most important criteria in choosing a better irrigation system. Centre pivot ranks first in that and the costs associated with it are also relatively less. It is notable that the system is more suitable for flat terrain.I
Soil and water sensors
This is the most talked inventions of all. These sensors detect the nitrogen levels, moisture content and other necessary conditions of the crops. When placed in the farm, their detection will facilitate the farmer in planning on the watering schedule. The farmer will make a better plan out of the reports derived from the sensors.
An unobtrusive attribute of the sensors stands as the main reason for its demand in the market. The use of fertilizers is also decided with the help of these sensors. As a result, the farmer is able to manage the available resources in the most efficient way.
On an economical view, two benefits are spotted from the use of these sensors. One is the price at which it is sold and the next one is the cost control in resources management. It is offered at a very reasonable price which enables even low-income farmers to buy it.
Use of GPS technology in agriculture
In the navigation field global positioning system topped the factors for easy access to places. The same impact or an equally valued impact has been made in agriculture too. Along with GPS, GIS also makes its part huge in effective farming. The involvement of these two technologies is for Site-specific farming and Precision farming. Some of the uses of these two technologies are,
- Farm planning
- Field mapping
- Soil sampling
- Tractor guidance
- Crop scouting
- Variable rate applications
- Yield mapping
The main purpose of GPS in agriculture is to allow the farmers continue their work even at zero visibility cases. Zero visibility states the difficulties in viewing the farm during rain, darkness, fog, and dust. During these uncontrollable conditions, GPS participates in bring a break-free or interruption less farming.
Apart from these outstanding technologies there are few more in the market which are being widely used in the field of agriculture. IT, GPS and Nanotechnology are broad classifications and the following are a bit specific in their purpose.